Also known as Siddhārtha Gautama, Shakyamuni Buddha, or simply the Buddha. He was an ascetic (śramaṇa) and sage, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded. He is believed to have lived and taught mostly in the eastern part of Ancient India sometime between the sixth and fourth centuries BCE.
An ascetic is characterized by or suggesting the practice of severe self-discipline and abstention from all forms of indulgence, typically for religious reasons. Śramaṇa means "seeker, one who performs acts of austerity, ascetic"